Beans and Peas – Kitniyos
I need to know whether beans and sweet peas are part considered kitniyus. they truly just vegetables, not grown with wheat, and not made into flour .
Yes, both of these are considered kitniyos.
Kitniyos is a general term which includes grains that grow in the proximity of chometz grains and select grains that can be cooked and baked in a fashion similar to chometz grains. Yet, no kitniyos are considered to bechometz. The term for the fermentation of barley, rye, oats, wheat, and spelt is “chimutz;” the term given for fermentation of kitniyos is “sirachon”.
Sepharadim use kitniyos on Pesach because the Beis Yosef permits it while Ashkenazic Jewry follow the Ramo and do not permit eating kitniyos on Pesach.
Many reasons have been offered for the custom to refrain from eating kitniyos. The two main reasons are:
- Due to a concern that chometz grains might get mixed among the kitniyos grains, creating an inadvertent, yet real chometz problem when the grains are cooked together and eaten. Many Sepharadim who eat kitniyos reduce this concern by checking the kitniyos grains three times to make sure no chometz grains are intermixed in the kitniyos and then permit kitniyos usage.
- Were kitniyos products permitted, people might confuse kitniyos flours and chometz flour. This might result in the usage on Pesach of flour of the five grains that can become chometz.
Kitniyos may not be eaten but one may benefit from kitniyos and it is not necessary to sell or destroy kitniyosbefore Pesach. For example, one may use kitniyos for pet food and keep soft drinks in the house stored in a cabinet. Many sodas have corn syrup in them and should not be used on Pesach but can remain in one’s storage area. (It is advisable to have it stored in a place where it won’t accidentally get used on Pesach.)
It is important to note that in case of medications, kitniyos restrictions are not applicable, and pills that have corn starch binders would be permissible for medicinal purposes.
Baby formulas often have kitniyos in them and you may feed infants kitniyos formula just as a sick person may eat kitniyos. In Eretz Yisroel, however, Materna baby formula has a kosher LePesach production and you should try using that before relying on a kitniyos product. Sometimes this is available abroad. If you are traveling, try to take the kosher LePesach formula along with you to your place of destination so that you don’t have a problem obtaining it there.
It is recommended that the following items should be considered kitniyos unless a family has a specific custom otherwise:
Anise, ascorbic acid, aspartame, beans (all types of beans e.g., kidney, lima, garbanzo), bean sprouts, BHA and BHT (in corn oil), black-eyed peas, buckwheat, calcium ascorbate, canola (rapeseed) oil, caraway, citric acid (sometimes chometz), chickpeas, coriander, corn and corn oil, corn syrup, cumin, dextrose, emulsifiers, fennel, fenugreek, flavors (may also be chometz), flax seeds, glucose, green beans, guar gum, hydrolyzed vegetable oil, kasha, kimmel, lecithin (all commercially produced lecithin is made from soy), lentils, licorice, lucerne, lupine, maltodextrin (sometimes chometz), millet, MSG (can be from beets [kosher for Pesach], corn [kitniyos], or wheat [chometz]), mustard and mustard flour, NutraSweet, peanuts, peas, polysorbates (sometimes chometz), popcorn, poppy seeds, rice, saffron, sesame seeds, snow peas, sodium citrate, sodium erythorbate, sorbitan, sorbitol (could be chometz unless manufactured in the U.S.A), soybeans and soy oil, stabilizers, starch (possibly chometz), string beans, sunflower seeds, tofu, vitamin C (could be chometz), xanthan gum (may be chometz).