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טעות עכו”ם

Question: A non-Jewish lawyer gave a Jewish lawyer a retainer of $350 to be an expert witness on a case. The case subsequently closed without the Jew having to be a witness at all. The non-Jewish lawyer has not requested his retainer back, presumably because he forgot. Does the Jewish lawyer have to return the money? Is he allowed to return the money? אולי נחשב הקפעת הלוותו ואין צריך להחזיר המעות, אך אולי נ ...

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Forgot to Buy a Train Ticket

Question: Sholom uVrocha, If one forgot to buy a train ticket while going on the train in chutz laaretz and only remembered about it after he left the train, is there chiyuv to buy a ticket and to trow it away or since it wasn't done intentionally and the chiyuv to pay to the company is begeder chashovas aveda to a goi there ist no chiyuv to buy a ticket postfactum. Many thanks Kol tuv Answer: Taking a trai ...

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Preference in Tzedaka

Question: I saw a machlokes netween the Pitchei Teshuva and the Aruch Hashulchan if in laws have the same status of parents in regard to kedima with tzedaka or they have a lesser status. what is the minhag haolam? thank you Answer: When dealing with a question that is not a very common one, there is generally no "minhag haolam" to determine the psak. Minhag is a determining factor for widely asked common ev ...

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Sent a Child to Borrow an Item and the Item was Damaged

Question: Somebody sent his young child to borrow a drill from a neighbor. The neighbor did as he was asked, and gave the drill to the child. En route the drill was damaged. Is the borrower obligated to pay for the damage? Answer: Based on the details mentioned in the question, the borrower will not be obligated to pay for damages. However, it is correct to reach some compromise to the satisfaction of both ...

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Pidyon Shvuyim – Posting Bail

Question: Is there a mitzva of Pidyon Shvuyim (inyana deyoma unfortunately) nowadays? What are some halachic guidlines? If one bails someone out of jail is it considered pidyon shvuyim? I ask because in jails now a days the people have rights, they have tv etc, its not like the gemara describes that its worse than raav, cherev etc. its definitely a chessed to get them out but is it mitzvas pidyon shvuyim? T ...

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Pawn Shops

Question: Can one purchase items from a pawn shop or does one need to be concerned that stolen items have been pawned? Answer: As long as one is not directly aiding the buying and selling of stolen goods, items may be purchased from a pawn shop. One need not assume that what he is buying is stolen merchandise, unless he has specific information about that store or item being sold. ...

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Gambling for Parnassah

Question: I have friend who derives his income from playing Texas Hold 'Em Poker. Is this permissible? Would it be completely permissible if he has another source of income? (Texas Hold 'Em is a form of Poker where skill is a major factor, and one can be considered a skilled player.) Would there be a difference between a tournament and a cash game? A tournament is where each player pays a certain amount of ...

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G’neivas Da’as in Real Estate

Question: לכבוד הרב שליט"א A real estate agent tells me that it is "common business practice" in his industry to create a sense of urgency to a potential renter or leaser of a property in order to get the person to rent/lease. This includes making believe there are other customers who are interested in the property, when there is really not. This sounds like outright g'neivas da'as. Is there any heter to th ...

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Music Band that Split Up

Question: Three people formed a music band, performed together, and put out discs together. After some time two of the band members told the third that they are no longer interested to perform with him. The third member was deeply offended, and did not react. After some time the other two members brought in a third band member in his place, and continued to perform under the same label. Can the third band m ...

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Using Somebody Else’s Engineering Plans

Question: Is it permitted for somebody to make use of someone else's engineering plans. The other person paid to have the plans made up, and the person in question wishes to do the same building work. Answer: Although the general principle is that where one person derives benefit and the other has no losses, the party that derived benefit is exempt from payment, authorities clarify that there are particular ...

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