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Breaking Minor Fastdays for Work

Question: Hello, With regards to the smaller fastdays (i.e Taanis Esther, 17 Tamuz etc.), what is the din of a (otherwise healthy) Teacher who feels that he cannot do his job well when he is fasting. He does not teach up to his standard because of his fast and previous experience show him the fastdays - besides being for him challenging - end up being unsuccessful days for many pupils too. Does he need to f ...

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Yartziet in Adar

Question: Does one commemorate an Adar yartziet in the first Adar or second? Answer: According to Shulchan Aruch O:C 568:7 the yortzeit is commemorated in Adar Sheni as with all other mitzvos of the month of Adar. This is assuming the year of the petirah was a shana pshuta. If the petirah was in Adar Rishon, the yortzeit should be thus commemorated as well. In addition the Bais Yosef [Y:D 403] stipulates th ...

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Bar Mitzvah and Yortzeit in Adar Rishon/Sheni

Question: I have yortzeit in the month of Adar, which on a leap year \ shana meuberes I always keep during Adar Rishon. This year I am making a Bar Mitzva during Adar as well. My son was born in a shana pshuta when there was only one Adar. Nevertheless I was told that we do not make the Bar Mitzvah until Adar Sheini. Why is this different from the observance of a yortzeit? Shouldn’t both be kept either in t ...

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Chanuka – Menorah for Traveler

Question: I am staying in a hotel for one night of Chanuka, and leaving the following day. I will be travelling and not arrive home until the following morning. Where should I light neiros Chanuka for that night? Could I make a shliach to light in my house? Answer: If you are still in the hotel by ‘plag hamincha’ [approx. 3:30 during Chanuka] you can light in your hotel room. Since you have been staying the ...

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Chanuka – Lighting Menorah at Children’s Home

Question: During Chanuka I often go to visit my married children for hadlakas neiros. If I am there from the zman [shkiyah] until around 10 – 11 at night and I am eating dinner there, when and where should I light neiros Chanuka? Could I light by my children’s house? Is it preferable to make a shliach to light in my house, or could I light when I return home at about 11:30 at night [only my wife and I live ...

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Preparing from one day of yom tov to the next

Question: Is there a heiter - and if yes what - to take out Chlaos from the freezer on the first day Yomtov l`zorech the second day. The question is based on the fact that if taken out before Yomtov it would not be fresh and if taken out after Nacht it would be frozen for still very long? Answer: Preparing from one day of yom tov to the next is prohibited, see סימן תק"ג והפוסקים שם. this includes even seemi ...

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Lolav-Shiur of a Heimnek

Question:  What is the shiur of a heimnek. I.e when a lulav has a genuine Heimnek and the tiomes has a `V` shape - from which size is it a psul? A Mashehu? 2 milimetres? More? MANY THANKS ANG GUT YOMTOV!! Answer:  There seems to be machlokes amongst the achronim if hemnek is any slight visible seperation between the 2 leaves, that being the implication if the Chaye Adam. The Maharsham holds there must be a ...

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Shower on YomTov

Question: Can we allow a shower on Yom Tov, especially in Chu"l where Yom Tov is 2 days, and especially when Shabbos falls after two days of Yom Tov, such as on Rosh Ha-Shana next year? Answer: It is permitted to take a cold shower on YomTov (see Shulchan Aruch 326:1). Under extenuating circumstances (such as three days of Yom Tov/Shabbos in the summer, which can happen for Rosh Hashanah, or two days for th ...

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Hirhur Bdivri Torah

Question: I learn Daf Yomi on my own, listening to recorded shiurim. Much of the time I do not verbalize the words of the Gemara, and only listen to the shiur. I was told this does not qualify to make a siyum during the nine days. Answer: Learning from either a live or a recorded shiur certainly qualifies to make a siyum, and is a fulfillment of Mitzvas Talmud Torah. מקורות:     ידוע מה שנחלקו המחבר והגר"א ...

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Taste the meat foods on erev Shabbos Chazon

Question: I work as a chef in a summer camp, and need to prepare the food for shabbos chazon. May I taste the meat foods on erev shabbos? Answer: Food may be tasted to ensure quality and taste. The food being tasted does not have to be spit out. מקורות:    מנהג בני אשכנז לא לאכול בשר ולשתות יין כל תשעת הימים מר"ח אב, כמבואר בש"ע ופוסקים סי' תקנ"א סעי ט'. ולטעום המאכל בערב שבת עי' אור לציון ח"ג סי' כו' אות ד ...

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